ANALYSIS OF POWER LOSSES IN ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS: A CASE STUDY OF IBADAN ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION COMPANY (IBEDC), NIGERIA
Authors: Alao PO, Makinde HA, Olasunkanmi OG, Oyedeji AO, Abolade OR
In recent years, electric power demand has increased drastically due to superiority of electric energy to all other forms of energy. A distribution system is used to convey electric power from a transmission system to customers to serve their needs. However, a significant portion of the electric power is lost in the distribution process. Power losses in Ibadan Electricity Distribution Network were computed from the data obtained from Sagamu Business Hub, for two years (January, 2016 to December, 2017). The results revealed that distribution losses in Sagamu are due to technical and non-technical losses. The technical losses are due to resistance and reactance of the conductors and faults while non-technical losses are caused by theft of power, meter tampering among many others. Transformer leakage current, aged transformer, damage accessories, inadequate size of conductors were discovered to have attributed to power losses in Sagamu. Suggestions have been made in order to reduce power losses in Sagamu distribution network.
Affiliations: Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Nigeria
Keywords: Power Losses, Technical Losses, Non-technical Losses, Distribution Network, IBEDC
Published date: 2018/06/30