APPLICATION POTENTIALS OF NANOTECHNOLOGY FOR POLLUTANTS REMOVAL IN WATER AND WASTEWATER IN NIGERIA: A REVIEW
Authors: *Oseke F.I, Ameso C.V, Mohammed I.U
The rapidly increasing population, depleting water resources, and climate change resulting in prolonged droughts and floods have rendered drinking water a competitive resource in many parts of Nigeria. The development of cost-effective and stable materials and methods for providing freshwater in adequate amounts is the need of the water sector. In Nigeria several methods are currently been used for treatment of water and wastewater with varying degrees of success. In recent past, development and application of nanotechnology in treatment of water and wastewater is becoming a major area of research. Nanotechnology is the art and science of manipulating matter at the nanoscale to create new and unique materials and products with enormous potential to change society. The aim of this paper is to review the possible applications of nano-particles for the removal of pollutants from water and wastewater in Nigeria. The review will focus on adsorption, membranes, disinfection, heavy metals and organic contaminants present in surface water, ground water, and/or industrial water.
Affiliations: *Department of Training, National Water Resources Institute, Mando-Road, Kaduna, Nigeria
Keywords: Nanotechnology, Water, Wastewater, Pollutants, Nanomaterials, Treatments
Published date: 2018/06/30