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Architectural Response Towards the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) as a Catalyst for National Security in Nigeria

Authors: *Okonta, E.D., Okonta, E.M. And Okonta, U.G.

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Epidemics either occur naturally, for example, the coronavirus or in the form of intentionally released agents (e.g., biological warfare or bioterrorism). Research has demonstrated that acute and chronic changes in health status have direct and indirect impacts on security and that epidemics may lead to destabilization, political unrest, civil disorder, or long-term deterioration of the economic viability of a country or region. This study focuses on the COVID-19 global pandemic and its effects on national security. It explores how architects can shape cities through responsive designs and strategic planning to effectively contain and treat the virus. Key architectural considerations identified through literature review include modular constructions for adaptable healthcare needs, adaptive reuse of existing structures, energy-efficient measures for sustainable infrastructure, and integration of smart technologies for public safety. Implementing these architectural responses in Nigeria contributes to containing infectious diseases and safeguarding national security. The need for increased discussions between various stakeholders (e.g., in the health sector, military, governmental and non-governmental organizations, professionals in the building industry) as it pertains to providing higher livability in our cities will help to combat future epidemics if they occur.

Affiliations: School of Computing and Digital Technologies, Teesside University, Middlesbrough, UK.
Keywords: Epidemics, Coronavirus (COVID-19), Smart Cities, Sustainability, National Security, Healthcare
Published date: 2023/12/30

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ISSN: 2635-3342 (Print)

ISSN: 2635-3350 (Online)

DOI: In progress

ISI Impact Factor: In progress

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Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Benin, PMB 1154, Ugbowo, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria.