Characterization of Biodiesel Produced from Neem Seed Oil
Authors: Taiwo AG, Ijaola TO, Lawal SO, Ibikunle AA
The current challenges of fossil fuels have led to the need for alternative energy sources like biodiesel and biodiesel blends because they are renewable and environmentally friendly. The biodiesel production from neem seed involved, oil extraction, moisture/FFA reduction then base transesterification reaction using the extracted neem seed oil, methanol (6:1), 1.0% KOH at 60 oC, 400 rpm for 2 hrs. The physico-chemical and fuel properties of the neem seed oil biodiesel was analysed using standard analytical procedures, and the statistical data analysed using SPSS version 20.0. Most values were within the ASTM/EN standards, which can make a major contribution now and in the future by meeting the expected demand of petroleum diesel and providing improved properties of lower emission. As a result of this, it can be used in diesel engines and plants with little or no modification.
Affiliations: Department of Chemical Sciences, Olabisi Onabanjo University, PMB 2002, Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria
Keywords: Neem Seed Oil, Feedstock, Transesterification, Biodiesel, Methyl Ester
Published date: 2020/06/30