Determination of Physicochemical and Bacteriological Quality of Water for Irrigation Purpose: A Case Study of Shika Dam, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria
Authors: Mohammed A, Musa YM, Naziru H
This research work aimed to ascertain physicochemical and bacteriological quality of Shika Dam Zaria, Kaduna State for irrigation purpose. Three samples of water were collected from the reservoir, at the beginning, middle and end horizontally. The physicochemical parameters and biological characteristics such as temperature, taste, odor, color, pH, electrical conductivity, boron, sodium, magnesium, total dissolved solid, sodium adsorption ratio, heavy metals (Zinc, Lead, and Molybdenum), Escherichia coli, Shigella sp., Salmonella sp., Enterobacter sp., Klebsiella sp. were determined for all the samples. The results were compared with the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) and showed that the water quality of Shika dam is within the acceptable standard of FAO water quality for irrigation purposes in terms of physicochemical parameters while in terms of biological characteristics is not safe for irrigation purpose due to presence of some harmful microorganisms. Therefore, it is recommended that the water should be protected from further deterioration by anthropogenic activities.
Affiliations: Department of Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering, Samaru College of Agriculture, Division of Agricultural Colleges, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Keywords: Physicochemical, Bacteriological, Heavy Metals, Irrigation Water Quality, Shika Dam
Published date: 2020/06/30