Properties and Potentials of Cola milenii K. Schum: A Review
Authors: Akinnibosun FI, Adewumi BL
Cola millenii K. Schum, is a wild plant of tropical and subtropical countries. It grows vigorously, and it is called Monkey Cola in English and Atewo-edun in Yoruba language or achi okokoro in Igbo language. C. millenii belongs to the Sterculiaceae family, genus Cola and species millenii. Cola millenii produce edible fruits of varying characteristics and sweetness. It is widely distributed throughout tropical Africa, from Senegal to Cameroon. The plant is nutritionally-rich and various parts of the plant contain bioactive substances such as alkaloids, saponins, tannins, glycosides, flavonoids and terpenoids. It also has varying degrees of antimicrobial activity against human pathogenic organisms due to its phytochemical properties and can be used for the treatment and management of diseases. The plant is highly under-utilized in Nigeria and a critical look at the composition and potentials of the plant suggests that it may be exploited by the scientific community for the production of different useful products for economic growth and national development.
Affiliations: Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria.
Keywords: Cola Millenii, Phytochemical, Antimicrobial, Nutritional Composition, Medicinal Plant
Published date: 2019/06/30