Small Runoff Reservoir Water Quality Evaluation for Microirrigation and Tropical Fish Culture within an Afforested Area of Afaka, Kaduna, Nigeria
Authors: Ameso VC, Onwuegbunam DO, Onwuegbunam NE, Maxwell D
The water quality status of a small runoff reservoir in an afforested area of Afaka, Kaduna, Nigeria was evaluated for suitability in microirrigation as well as fish culture. The parameters evaluated were pH, temperature, electrical conductivity, turbidity, total dissolved solids, chloride, salinity, magnesium, calcium, sodium, potassium, hardness and sodium adsorption ratio. These were analyzed following standard procedures. The mean values of the sampled parameters were not statistically significant over the sampled points on the reservoir. Except for the turbidity (47.2 NTU) and potassium (2.3 mg/l), the levels of the other parameters were found to be within normal or acceptable limits for microirrigation and tropical fish culture. Hence, the quality of runoff reservoir within the afforested catchment can be suitable for microirrigation and fish culture as a way of maximizing its potentials, provided the required microirrigation and fish culture best management practices as well as reservoir restriction practices are followed.
Affiliations: Department of Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Federal College of Forestry Mechanization, Afaka, Kaduna, Nigeria
Keywords: Reservoir, Water Quality, Microirrigation, Fish Culture, Afforested Area
Published date: 2020/06/30