TOWARDS AUTOMATION OF A FIRST AID SYSTEM FOR SNAKE BITES: A SURVEY ON ORTHODOX FIRST AID TREATMENT METHODS FOR SNAKE BITE
Authors: *Apeh S.T, Olaye E, Chiejine P
Snake bite and its widespread prevalence has not been fully acknowledged in Nigeria mostly due to under-documentation. This study has presented the available orthodox first aid methods along with their mode of application, strengths, weaknesses and level of recommendation based on review of the literature. These orthodox methods were critically reviewed and analyzed in order to set a basis for designing an automated system or a portable device for first aid treatment of snake bite. Automation can be based on the most recommended first aid method as safety is of utmost priority. Orthodox first aid methods include oral suction, mechanical suction, laceration, electrotherapy, cryotherapy, tourniquet placement, pressure immobilization as well as pressure bandaging. Of the sources that were critically reviewed, approximately seventy percent of them show that the most recommended orthodox first aid method is the pressure immobilization method.
Affiliations: Department of Computer Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
Keywords: Snake Bites, First Aid Methods, Medical Practitioners, Survey, Automation
Published date: 2017/06/30